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Dharmarajika stupa and monastery

  • Description:

    The Dharmarajika Stupa (Urdu: دھرم راجک اسٹوپا), also referred to as the Great Stupa of Taxila, is a Buddhist stupa near Taxila, Pakistan. It was built over the relics of the Buddha by Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE.[1][2][3][4][5] The stupa, along with the large monastic complex that later developed around it, forms part of the Ruins of Taxila – which were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980.[6] It is believed that the Dharmarajika Stupa was built over the remains of an even older stupa that had been built by the Mauryan emperor King Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE[7][8][3][4][5] The stupa was believed to have been reestablished in the 2nd century CE during the Kushan era in order to house relics of the Buddha, which may have been sourced from earlier monuments.[1] Buddhist texts mention that frankincense was used during religious services at Dharmarajika, while the complex was paved with colourful glass tiles.[9] Indo-Greek coins found at the site date from the 2nd century BCE, suggesting earliest possible establishment of a religious monument at the site.[8] Small stupas that predate the main stupa are found throughout the Dharmarajika site, and surrounded an earlier core stupa in an irregular layout.[8] It is known that the earlier core stupa contained a pathway for circumambulation that was made of plaster, and decorated with shell bangles in geometric patterns.[8] The earlier stupa likely had four gates in axial directions.[8] The site came under control of Persian Sassanid rule, and suffered a period of stagnation.[8] Large-scale developments took place during the late Kushan and Kidarite era which added numerous monasteries and stupas to the site.

  • Type: Heritage site
  • License# CC BY SA
  • Source of Description: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dharmarajika_Stupa
  • Entry Fee: No
  • Taxila